“When the baby sitter fell asleep, the house descended into a state of anarchy.”
Based on the sentence above, which definition most accurately describes anarchy?
Anarchy (noun) – a state of chaos associated with the absence of authority
Anarchist (noun) – a person who supports or tries to create anarchy
GRE pro tips:
You may recognize the root arch, which is common in words like monarchy, patriarchy, and anarchy. The Greek root arch means “rule.” Likewise, a monarchy is a kingdom ruled by one person and a patriarchy refers to something that is ruled by men. Because the Greek root an means “without,” it makes sense that the term anarchy refers to the absence of rule or order. Anarchy is used to describe the conditions of a society in which the government or ruling class has lost control. Or, it can be used to describe the general chaos resulting from the absence of authority and organization.
“When the principle became ill, the school briefly descended into a state of anarchy.”
“The anarchy of the wild can be daunting to first time campers.”